Safety Tips

Home accidents: common ones and how to treat them

Safety in the home is always stressed, and even though a lot of families adhere to strict safety rules, some home accidents tend to occur once in a while. It is often advised that a first aid kit should be made available in our homes to ensure injured or sick inhabitants receive initial treatment for seeking professional medical care.
Below are a group of common home accidents and how to treat them:

1. Stepping on a sharp object:

this sharp object might a broken piece of glass, bones, nail, thorns, etc.
Here’s what to do in cases like this:
Inspect the injured spot for the pieces of the sharp objects and remove if still present.
Add a little amount of disinfectant to a bowl of water and wash the spot.
If there are fragments of the object inside the skin, remove using a needle that has been disinfected.

2. Bleeding cut:

This is one of the most common injuries in the home and can occur in any part of the house. The cut could be from a sharp knife, an open tin, scissors, broken pieces of ceramic and glass, etc.
To treat, you need to stop the bleeding first. This can be done by applying pressure on the spot right next to the injury to stop blood flow in that particular spot.
For the next step, you need to wash the affected area with lots of disinfected water to prevent germs from settling on the wound.
If there is a first aid kit, wrap the injury with a disinfected piece of bandage.
Note: it is advised to seek medical care when the affected area becomes swollen. And it is also very important to take tetanus shots if the sharp object is metallic.

A cut
Image source: unknown

3. Burns:

another common home accident. It is often caused by contact with a source of heat, most especially in the kitchen. Sometimes it might be caused by hot food, steam or hot oil. There are several degrees of burns that can occur in the- this has to do with the level of damage on the skin layers. To treat 1st and 2nd-degree burns in the house, these are the following steps to take:
Wash the affected area with cool water, this will help to reduce the burning sensation a little bit. Avoid using ice, as this causes blood vessels in the affected area to shrink.
Apply a pain reliever to the area if available. A good example of a natural pain reliever is Aloe Vera, which is grown in a lot of homes. Apply on the affected area to further reduce the feeling of pain
Bandage the wound to heal properly. Use non-cotton bandages a these can stick to the surface of the injury.
Seek medical attention if the burn is larger than your palm.

 

1st degree burn
Image source: Shutterstock

4. Choking on an object:

The object in question may be food, a small toy, pen cover, etc. It leads to violent coughing and may cause suffocation if not properly managed. Here’s how to manage a case like this:
Keep the person calm and ask the person to cough out the object

 

 


If the object is still not out, perform the HEIMLICH MANEUVER.

How to do the Heimlich Maneuver:

Hug the person from behind with your hands below the diaphragm, exert pressure. This will cause a push on the lungs and trachea, forcing the object to be expelled.
In cases concerning choking, avoid slapping the victim’s back as this might cause the object to go further down in the windpipe.

Self administration of the Heimlich manuever.
Image source: Mayoclinic.org

 

Heimlich Maneuver
Image source:http://www.scouterlife.com/blog//2014/12/the-heimlich-maneuver.html

 

 

In general home safety cannot be complete without a first aid box. Always remember to stock the box with necessary items and it should be well placed for easy access.
Always remember to practice safety every day

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